Skip to main content
Mail a PDF copy of this page to:
(Your email address will not be added to a mailing list)
Show menu Show menu

Confidence interval for a rate


A rate is a ratio between a count and another measurement, for example the ratio of a number of events observed and the total number of person-years of observation.

This test is not performed on data in the spreadsheet, but on data you enter in a dialog box.

Required input

  • Numerator: the observed number of events.
  • Denominator: for example the total person-years.
  • Option Express result as 1:X: when this option is selected the rate R will be displayed as 1:(1/R), e.g. the rate 10/200 equals 0.05 and can be represented as 1:20.

When all data have been entered click Test.


Confidence interval for a rate

The program displays:

  • The Poisson 95% Confidence Interval for the number counted (the Numerator).
  • The incidence rate.
  • The 95% Confidence Interval for the incidence rate.

In the Comment input field you can enter a comment or conclusion that will be included on the printed report.


  • Daly LE (1998) Confidence limits made easy: interval estimation using a substitution method. American Journal of Epidemiology 147:783-790. PubMed

See also