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Test for one proportion
The significance level, or P-value, is calculated using a general z-test (Altman, 1991):
where p is the observed proportion; pexp is the Null hypothesis (or expected) proportion; and se(p) is the standard error of the expected proportion:
The P-value is the area of the normal distribution that falls outside ±z (see Values of the Normal distribution table).
MedCalc calculates the "exact" Clopper-Pearson confidence interval for the observed proportion.
- Altman DG (1991) Practical statistics for medical research. London: Chapman and Hall.
- Binomial proportion confidence interval on Wikipedia.